Ah, the age-old mystery of the clogged toilet. If you’ve found yourself here, chances are you’re dealing with this very predicament. And trust us, you’re not alone. Whether it’s that sinking feeling as the water level rises or the sheer frustration of a toilet that just won’t flush, we’ve seen it all. Clogged toilets are a rite of passage for most homeowners and renters, but that doesn’t mean they’re a welcome one.


“According to a survey by the National Association of Professional Plumbers, more than one in five Americans (22%) experience a clogged toilet each year.”


Enter CID Plumbing, your friendly neighborhood plumbing experts from the bustling streets of Bushwick, Brooklyn. We’ve been diving deep into Brooklyn plumbing issues for years, making us somewhat of local legends in the world of pipes and drains. From the charming brownstones of Park Slope to the modern lofts of DUMBO, we’ve been there, unclogged that. And through it all, we’ve gathered a treasure trove of knowledge, tips, and yes, a few amusing anecdotes along the way.


While we will look to share as much information as possible through this guide, it is important to note that diagnosing and resolving any plumbing issue often requires an expert to be on-site. We will give the best general guidance we can, but we always recommend bringing in an expert if you are not comfortable going at it alone!

What We're Going to Cover

So, what’s in store for you in this guide? A whole lot of wisdom, that’s what! To help you find exactly what you are looking for quickly, take a look at the high-level table of contents below:

  • Overview of the most common causes for clog issues
  • What you should do when facing a clogged toilet
    • Diagnosing the cause of a clogged toilet
    • How to unclog a toilet: DIY remediation for toilet clogs
    • How to unclog a toilet: Plumber remediation for toilet clogs
  • Tips and tricks to avoid future issues
  • Identifying an emergency: What constitutes a plumbing emergency

Our Goal

Now, we’re not just here to share tales from the plumbing trenches. Our ultimate goal? To equip you with the knowledge and tools to prevent those clogs in the first place. Because let’s face it, while we love our job, we’d much rather you enjoy a smooth, clog-free life. Plus, avoiding these issues can save you from those costly plumbing emergencies that no one is ever truly prepared for.


So, whether you’re a seasoned Brooklynite or new to our vibrant borough, let’s embark on this journey together. Here’s to fewer clogs, more successful flushes, and the peace of mind that comes with knowing you’ve got this plumbing thing down.

10 Interesting Toilet Clog Stats

  1. More than 1 in 5 Americans (22%) experience a clogged toilet each year.
  2. The average person clogs their toilet 1.5 times per year.
  3. Toilet clogs are the most common plumbing problem in homes.
  4. The most common cause of toilet clogs is toilet paper (feminine hygiene products, pet waste, grease, oil, and toys are other common causes of toilet clogs).
  5. The most common way to fix a clogged toilet is with a plunger.
  6. Chemical drain cleaners should only be used as a last resort, as they can damage your pipes.
  7. A clogged toilet can overflow and cause water damage to your home.
  8. The average toilet uses 1.6 gallons of water per flush.
  9. Low-flow toilets use less water per flush, but they can be more prone to clogs.
  10. There are a number of things you can do to prevent toilet clogs, such as only flushing toilet paper and human waste, breaking up clumps of toilet paper before flushing, and avoiding flushing feminine hygiene products, pet waste, grease, oil, or toys down the toilet.

Overview of Most Common Causes for Toilet Clogs

While a clogged toilet might seem like a simple problem, the causes can be multifaceted and complex. As we continue to explore the drivers and actions you can take to avoid and remediate challenges, you will see that some clogs can be resolved easily while others are symptoms of much larger problems. It is also important to keep in mind that clogs can get worse and more complex to solve over time as more buildup accumulates – it is always best to tackle clogs as early as possible – ideally avoiding them altogether!


Below, we provide an overview of the most common issues we come across:


  1. Flushing Inappropriate Items: The toilet isn’t a magical portal where things disappear (though that would be cool, wouldn’t it?). It’s designed primarily for human waste and toilet paper. Yet, every day, countless other items find their way into the toilet bowl: from baby wipes labeled as “flushable” (spoiler: they’re often not) to cotton balls, paper towels, and even the occasional toy (kids, right?). These items don’t break down like toilet paper and can quickly lead to blockages.
  2. Old and Faulty Plumbing Systems: Like that vintage record player or classic car, old plumbing systems have their charm. But they also come with their set of challenges. Older pipes, especially those made of cast iron or clay, can corrode or crack over time. Plus, they might not be equipped to handle the demands of modern households, leading to frequent clogs.
  3. Tree Roots Intrusion: Nature is persistent, and tree roots are no exception. Seeking moisture, they can infiltrate even the tiniest cracks in your sewer lines. Over time, these roots can grow, causing obstructions and blockages. It’s a silent problem, often going unnoticed until it’s too late.
  4. Hard Water Mineral Buildup: Water isn’t always just H2O. Depending on where you live, your water might contain minerals like calcium and magnesium. Over time, these minerals can deposit on the insides of pipes, reducing the space available for waste to pass through. Think of it as plaque buildup in arteries, but for your plumbing.
  5. Inadequate Toilet Design: All toilets are not created equal. Some older or low-quality models might lack the flush power needed to clear waste effectively. Over time, this can lead to frequent blockages, especially if combined with other issues like flushing inappropriate items.
  6. Human Behavior and Habits: Sometimes, the problem isn’t with the system but with us. Overloading the toilet with toilet paper, not flushing regularly, or using thick, non-dispersible paper can all contribute to clogs. It’s a delicate topic, but human waste consistency and size can also play a role.
  7. External Factors: Occasionally, the problem might be out of your control. This includes issues like collapsed sewer lines, municipal blockages, or even rodent nests in the plumbing (yes, it happens!).


Each of these drivers, from the items we flush to the very design of our toilets, plays a role in the overall health of our plumbing systems. But fear not! With knowledge comes power. By understanding these common causes, you’re already one step closer to a clog-free life.


In the sections that follow, we’ll dive deeper into each of these culprits, exploring them in detail, sharing anecdotes, and offering solutions. So, buckle up; it’s going to be an enlightening ride!

Most Common Causes For Clogs: Flushing Inappropriate Items

The toilet, while a marvel of modern plumbing, has a specific purpose: to handle human waste and toilet paper. However, in many households, it’s mistakenly treated as a catch-all waste disposal system. Items like baby wipes, cotton balls, feminine hygiene products, paper towels, and even hair often find their way into the toilet bowl. While these might seem harmless, they don’t break down in water the way toilet paper does. Instead, they can clump together, creating obstructions in the pipes. Over time, these obstructions can grow, catching other debris and eventually leading to a full-blown blockage. This not only disrupts the flow but can also put pressure on the pipes, leading to potential leaks or bursts.

How to Avoid Clogs Caused By Flushing Inappropriate Items

Prevention is key when it comes to flushing inappropriate items. Here are some specific recommendations: 

  1. Educate Household Members: Ensure everyone in the house knows what can and cannot be flushed. This is especially important for children who might be curious about what happens to items when they’re flushed away.
  2. Use Bins: Place a small bin next to the toilet for non-flushable items. This makes it convenient for disposal without resorting to flushing.
  3. Be Wary of “Flushable” Labels: Some products, like certain baby wipes, are labeled as flushable. However, they might still take longer to break down than toilet paper. It’s best to err on the side of caution and dispose of them in the trash.
  4. Regular Maintenance: Every few months, flush the toilet with a mix of baking soda and vinegar, followed by hot water. This can help break down any minor obstructions before they become a problem.
How You Can Tell if Your Clog Was Caused by Flushing Something That Shouldn’t Have Been Flushed

If you’re facing frequent clogs, especially after someone has used the bathroom, it might be due to inappropriate items being flushed. Here are some steps to diagnose the issue:

  • Visual Inspection: Sometimes, the cause of the clog is visible at the bottom of the toilet bowl. If you see anything other than waste or toilet paper, it’s a clear sign.
  • Ask Household Members: It might be a bit awkward, but asking can often get to the root of the problem, especially if certain members aren’t aware of what can be flushed.
  • Use a Camera: If you’re still unsure, you can use a plumbing camera to inspect the pipes. This will give you a clear view of any obstructions.
What to do if You Flushed Something You Shouldn’t Have and Who Would Best Tackle (DIY versus Plumber)

DIY Solutions: For minor clogs, a good old-fashioned plunger can work wonders. Ensure you have a good seal and use a strong, pumping action. If that doesn’t work, you can try a natural solution of baking soda and vinegar, followed by hot water. A drain auger or plumber’s snake can also be used to dislodge obstructions.


Call a Plumber: If DIY methods don’t work, or if you’re facing recurrent clogs, it’s time to call in the professionals. A plumber will have the tools and expertise to effectively clear the blockage without damaging the pipes. They can also provide insights into any other underlying issues that might be contributing to the problem.

Most Common Causes for Toilet Clogs: Old and Faulty Plumbing Systems

Every home has its quirks, and if you’re living in an older house or apartment, one of those quirks might be its plumbing system. While vintage fixtures and classic designs have their charm, the pipes behind the walls and beneath the floors tell a different story. Over time, these pipes, especially if made from materials like cast iron or clay, can deteriorate. Corrosion, rust, and general wear and tear can narrow the passage, making it easier for obstructions to form. Additionally, older plumbing systems might not be designed to handle the demands of modern households, leading to frequent backups and blockages. These issues not only disrupt your daily routine but can also pose significant risks, from water damage to potential health hazards.

Old plumbing rusting and dripping in a basement
What Can Be Done to Avoid Clogs Caused By Old and Faulty Plumbing Systems

Maintaining and updating older plumbing systems is crucial to prevent clogs and other related issues. Here are some recommendations to keep in mind:

  1. Regular Inspections: Schedule periodic inspections of your plumbing system. This can help identify wear and tear or potential problem areas before they escalate.
  2. Update Outdated Materials: If your home still has old cast iron or clay pipes, consider upgrading to PVC or other modern materials that are less prone to corrosion and blockages if allowed in your area.
  3. Water Softeners: If hard water is an issue in your area, consider installing a water softener. This can prevent mineral buildup, which is common in older pipes.
  4. Avoid Overloading the System: Be mindful of the strain on your plumbing. For instance, avoid using multiple water-intensive appliances simultaneously.
How You Can Tell if Your Clog Was Caused by an Issue with Your Pipes or Old / Faulty Plumbing System

If you’re experiencing frequent plumbing issues, old and faulty systems might be the culprit. Here’s how you can diagnose:

  • Age of the Home: If your home is several decades old and hasn’t had a plumbing upgrade, the age of the system might be the issue.
  • Check for Visible Signs: Look for signs of corrosion, leaks, or any visible damage to exposed pipes.
  • Water Pressure Issues: Inconsistent water pressure throughout the home can be a sign of underlying plumbing problems.
  • Use a Camera: For a more in-depth analysis, a plumbing camera can be inserted into the pipes to check for damage, corrosion, or blockages.
What to do if You Have an Issue with Your Pipes or Plumbing System

DIY Solutions: Some minor issues, like replacing a worn-out washer or fixing a small leak, can be handled with a bit of DIY spirit. Regular cleaning and flushing of the system using natural solutions like baking soda and vinegar can also help maintain the health of older pipes.


Call a Plumber: For more complex problems, especially those related to the structural integrity of the plumbing system, it’s best to consult a professional. This includes replacing sections of corroded pipe, addressing major leaks, or upgrading the entire system. A plumber will not only have the necessary tools but also the expertise to ensure the job is done right, ensuring the longevity and efficiency of your plumbing.

Most Common Causes for Toilet Clogs: Tree Root Intrusions

Nature has a way of reclaiming its space, and tree roots are one of its most persistent agents. While trees add beauty and value to a property, their roots can become a homeowner’s nightmare when they start seeking moisture and nutrients from sewer lines. Even the tiniest of cracks in a pipe can invite these roots, which then grow and expand, causing obstructions and blockages. Over time, these intrusions can damage the pipes, leading to leaks and potential sewer backups. For those living in apartment buildings, this issue becomes even more pressing. A tree root intrusion can affect multiple units, especially if you’re on or below the floor where the problem originates. And while the trees outside might seem far from your bathroom, their roots can travel long distances, silently causing havoc beneath the ground.

AI image of roots growing out of a sewer line.
What Can Be Done to Avoid Clogs Caused By Tree Root Intrusions

Tree roots are nature’s silent invaders, seeking moisture and nutrients, often finding their way into the cracks and joints of sewer lines. Here’s how you can prevent these unwelcome intrusions:


  1. Regular Inspections: Periodically inspecting the area around your property can help identify trees or shrubs that might pose a threat to your plumbing lines.
  2. Plant Wisely: If you’re landscaping or planting new trees, ensure they’re positioned a safe distance from any known sewer lines. Opt for species with less aggressive root systems.
  3. Barrier Products: Consider using root barrier products that create a physical shield or chemical deterrents to prevent roots from approaching the pipes.
How You Can Tell if Your Clog Was Caused by Tree Route Intrusions in Your Sewer Line

Suspecting tree root intrusions? Here’s how you can diagnose the problem:


  • Frequent Clogs: If you’re experiencing regular blockages, especially in the main sewer line, tree roots might be the culprits.
  • Gurgling Noises: Hearing unusual sounds from your toilet or drains can be an indication of root interference.
  • Use a Camera: A plumbing camera can provide a clear view inside the pipes, revealing any root intrusions or blockages.
What to do if You Have a Tree Root in Your Pipes

DIY Solutions: While minor root intrusions can sometimes be treated with root-killing chemicals available at home improvement stores, it’s essential to use these products with caution, as they can be harmful to the environment. Additionally, tree root intrusions can become a costly problem quickly. If you believe you are facing a root intrusion, we would recommend calling a plumber, having them camera the line, and resolve the issue as quickly as possible.


Call a Plumber: For significant intrusions or if you’re unsure about the extent of the problem, it’s best to consult a professional. They can use specialized equipment to cut and remove the roots and might recommend pipe repair or replacement if there’s damage.


For Apartment Dwellers: If you’re living in an apartment building and suspect tree root intrusion, it’s crucial to notify your landlord or property management immediately. Such issues are typically their responsibility to address. Moreover, tree root problems in apartment complexes can simultaneously impact multiple tenants, especially those on or below your floor. Prompt action can prevent widespread plumbing disruptions and potential damage to the building’s infrastructure.

Most Common Causes for Toilet Clogs: Hard Water Mineral Buildup

Water is a universal solvent, but not all water is created equal. In many regions, the water that flows from your taps carries with it a cocktail of minerals, primarily calcium and magnesium. This is what we commonly refer to as “hard water.” While these minerals aren’t harmful to our health, they can be quite tough on plumbing systems. Over time, as hard water flows through pipes, these minerals can deposit on the inner walls, forming a scale or buildup. This not only narrows the diameter of the pipes, making clogs more likely, but can also reduce the efficiency of water heaters and corrode fixtures. The result? Reduced water flow, frequent blockages, and potential damage to appliances.

Hard water corroding pipe which has a hole in it with brown water dripping out
What Can Be Done to Avoid Clogs Caused By Hard Water Mineral Buildup

Combatting the effects of hard water requires a proactive approach. Here are some steps you can take:


  • Water Softeners: One of the most effective solutions is to install a water softener. These devices replace calcium and magnesium ions with sodium or potassium ions, effectively “softening” the water and preventing scale buildup.
  • Regular Cleaning: For fixtures like faucets and showerheads, regular cleaning with vinegar can help dissolve minor mineral deposits.
  • Pipe Maintenance: Periodically flushing your pipes with a descaling solution can help reduce the buildup of minerals.
  • Monitor Appliances: Keep an eye on appliances like dishwashers and washing machines. Hard water can reduce their efficiency and lifespan.
What to do if you are Having Issues with Hard Water Mineral Buildup

DIY Solutions: Regular cleaning and descaling of fixtures can be done at home using vinegar or commercial descaling agents. Installing a water softener can also be a DIY project if you’re handy, though it might require some plumbing knowledge.


Call a Plumber: If you’re experiencing significant issues, such as reduced water pressure throughout the house or frequent appliance breakdowns, it’s wise to consult a plumber. They can assess the extent of the mineral buildup, recommend solutions, and even install specialized equipment to tackle the problem.

Most Common Causes for Toilet Clogs: Inadequate Toilet Design

Toilets have come a long way since their inception, evolving in design, efficiency, and functionality. However, not all toilets are created equal. Some older models or cheaper variants might not have the flush power or design efficiency needed to clear waste effectively. This can lead to partial flushes, where waste isn’t entirely cleared from the bowl, or frequent clogs due to inadequate water flow. Additionally, the trap design, which is the curved part of the toilet bowl responsible for maintaining a water seal, can vary in size and shape. An inadequately designed trap can easily become a hotspot for blockages. In essence, while the toilet might look fine on the outside, its internal design could be setting you up for a world of plumbing woes.

What Can Be Done to Avoid Clogs Caused by Inadequate Toilet Design

To ensure your toilet isn’t the weak link in your plumbing system, consider the following:


  1. Upgrade Your Toilet: If you have an older model or a toilet that frequently clogs, consider upgrading to a modern, high-efficiency toilet. These are designed for better flush power and water conservation.
  2. Regular Cleaning: Ensure the toilet bowl and trap are cleaned regularly to prevent any buildup that might cause obstructions.
  3. Avoid Overloading: Even with a well-designed toilet, it’s essential not to overload it with too much waste or toilet paper at once. Flush in stages if necessary.
  4. Check the Flush Mechanism: Sometimes, the issue might be with the flush mechanism itself. Ensure it’s working correctly and releasing an adequate amount of water.
How You Can Tell if Your Clog Was Caused by an Issue with Your Toilet

To determine if your toilet design is the culprit behind frequent clogs:


  • Age and Model: Older toilets or non-standard models might be more prone to clogging issues.
  • Flush Power: After flushing, observe the water flow. If it seems weak or doesn’t clear waste effectively, the design might be at fault.
  • Frequent Clogs: If you’re experiencing clogs regularly, despite being careful about what you flush, the toilet design might be the issue.
What to do if You Have an Issue with Toilet

DIY Solutions: Some minor issues, like adjusting the flush mechanism or cleaning the toilet, can be handled at home. If you’re comfortable with plumbing tasks, you might even consider installing a new toilet yourself.


Call a Plumber: For more significant challenges, such as persistent clogs or if you’re considering a complete toilet upgrade, consulting a plumber is wise. They can provide recommendations on the best models for your needs and ensure the installation is done correctly.

Most Common Causes for Toilet Clogs: Human Behavior and Habits

While it’s easy to point fingers at external factors, sometimes the root of plumbing problems lies closer to home. Our behaviors and habits play a significant role in the health of our plumbing systems. Overloading the toilet with excessive amounts of toilet paper, not flushing regularly, or using thick, non-dispersible paper can all lead to blockages. Additionally, certain habits, like disposing of grease down the kitchen sink or using the toilet as a trash bin, can exacerbate plumbing issues. It’s a delicate topic, but even the consistency and size of human waste can influence how easily it moves through the plumbing system. In essence, while our homes are our comfort zones, some comfort habits can lead to uncomfortable plumbing situations.

Toilet with a wall of toilet paper surrounding it and walls made of toilet paper
What Can Be Done to Avoid Clogs Caused by Human Behavior and Habits

To ensure our habits don’t harm our plumbing, consider the following:


  1. Educate and Inform: Make sure all household members are aware of what can and cannot be flushed or poured down drains. Regular reminders can help reinforce good habits.
  2. Use Thin Toilet Paper: While plush, thick toilet paper feels luxurious, it might not dissolve as easily. Consider using thinner, septic-safe variants.
  3. Avoid Overloading: Be mindful of the amount of toilet paper used per flush. If necessary, flush in stages.
  4. Proper Disposal: Never pour grease, oils, or food particles down the sink. Use strainers to catch debris and dispose of them in the trash.
How You Can Tell if Your Clog Was Caused by Things People are Doing in Your Home / Business

To determine if human behaviors and habits are causing plumbing issues:


  • Observe Patterns: If clogs or slow drains occur after specific activities, such as large family gatherings or cooking sessions, habits might be the cause.
  • Ask Household Members: Open communication can help identify if someone is unknowingly contributing to the problem.
  • Inspect Waste: Without getting too graphic, the consistency and amount of waste can sometimes indicate if it’s a potential cause for blockages.
What to do if People are the Cause of the Clog

DIY Solutions: Most issues stemming from human behaviors and habits can be resolved with a change in practices. Regular cleaning, using natural drain cleaners like baking soda and vinegar, and manual unclogging methods can be effective.


Call a Plumber: If you’ve adjusted habits and are still facing persistent issues, or if there’s a significant blockage, it’s a good idea to consult a professional. They can provide a thorough inspection and address any underlying problems.

Most Common Causes for Toilet Clogs: External Factors

While many clogging issues arise from what happens inside our homes, there are external factors that can equally disrupt our plumbing systems. These can range from severe weather conditions causing ground shifts, which in turn can misalign or damage pipes, to construction activities nearby that might inadvertently harm underground plumbing. Additionally, municipal water supply issues or changes in the water source can introduce new minerals or contaminants that might affect the plumbing. In essence, while we can control many factors within our four walls, external elements can introduce unexpected challenges that require vigilance and proactive measures.

Construction site with heavy rain damaging your external plumbing
What Can Be Done to Avoid Clogs Caused By External Factors

To safeguard your plumbing against external threats, consider the following:


  • Stay Informed: Keep abreast of any municipal water changes or construction activities in your area. Forewarned is forearmed.
  • Regular Inspections: Especially if you live in areas prone to ground shifts or extreme weather, periodic checks of your external plumbing can help catch issues early.
  • Install Protective Measures: Consider installing safeguards like backflow preventers to protect your home from unexpected water surges from the main lines.
  • Seek Expert Advice: If you’re planning any landscaping or external renovations, consult with a plumbing expert to ensure your home’s plumbing won’t be adversely affected.
How You Can Tell if Your Clog Was Caused by External Factors

To determine if external factors are affecting your plumbing:


  • Monitor Changes: If you notice plumbing issues following a significant weather event, construction activity, or changes in the municipal water supply, external factors might be the cause.
  • External Inspection: Check for any visible damage to external pipes, faucets, or hose bibs.
  • Consult Neighbors: If others in your neighborhood are experiencing similar issues, it’s likely an external, communal factor.
What to do if Your Clog is Caused by Factors Outside of Your Home

DIY Solutions: Some minor external issues, like replacing a damaged hose bib or cleaning external drains, can be tackled at home. Additionally, staying informed and proactive can help you navigate and mitigate many external challenges.


Call a Plumber: For significant external challenges, especially those that might affect the main plumbing lines or sewer systems, it’s essential to consult a professional. They can provide a comprehensive assessment, recommend solutions, and carry out necessary repairs or adjustments.

What You Should Do When Facing A Clogged Toilet

Let’s face it, chances are you are on this site because you have a problem and you want it solved. That is exactly what CID Plumbing is here for and this is the precise section you need to be reading. In this section, we will walk you through what you can do to diagnose your problem, fix the immediate clog, resolve longer lasting issues, and avoid future clogs altogether.

Diagnosing the Cause of a Toilet Clog

Understanding the root cause of a clogged toilet is essential. It not only helps in addressing the immediate problem but also aids in preventing future occurrences. Here’s a detailed breakdown:


DIY Diagnosis of the Cause of the Clog: Visual Inspection

  • What to do: Begin by looking inside the toilet bowl. Remove any obvious obstructions using gloves or a tool.
  • What to look for: Items like toys, excessive toilet paper, hygiene products, or anything that doesn’t belong in a toilet.
  • Interpreting results: If you find non-flushable items, it’s a clear indication of the clog source. However, if the bowl is clear, the blockage might be deeper in the pipes.
  • Severity: Generally, obstructions in the bowl are easy to address. However, repeated incidents might indicate a behavioral pattern that needs addressing.


DIY Diagnosis of the Cause of the Clog: Flush Test

  • What to do: Gently flush once, ensuring you’re ready to stop the flush if the water rises too quickly to prevent overflow.
  • What to look for: Observe the water’s behavior. Does it rise rapidly, drain slowly, or not move at all? Also, note the strength of the flush.
  • Interpreting results: A weak flush can point to issues with the tank components or mineral buildup. Rapidly rising water without draining indicates a blockage close to the bowl, possibly in the trap. Slow drainage might suggest a blockage further down.
  • Severity: A weak flush might require component replacement or cleaning. Blockages, depending on their location, can range from simple fixes with a plunger to needing professional intervention.


DIY Diagnosis of the Cause of the Clog: Auditory Checks

  • What to do: Listen closely after the flush.
  • What to look for: Gurgling sounds, bubbling, or any unusual noises.
  • Interpreting results: Such sounds can indicate trapped air, often a sign of a blockage further down the line or a venting issue.
  • Severity: While not immediately threatening, consistent gurgling sounds can indicate a persistent issue that needs addressing to prevent more significant problems.


DIY Diagnosis of the Cause of the Clog: Other Drains

  • What to do: Test nearby sinks, bathtubs, or showers by running them for a short while.
  • What to look for: Slow drainage or any backup.
  • Interpreting results: If multiple fixtures are slow to drain, it suggests a more extensive blockage in the main sewer line or a collective venting issue.
  • Severity: A blockage in the main sewer line is a significant concern and typically requires professional attention. It can lead to backups in multiple fixtures and potential damage.


DIY Diagnosis of the Cause of the Clog: Water Level in Bowl

  • What to do: After the flush test, let the toilet sit for a while.
  • What to look for: A consistent drop in water level over time.
  • Interpreting results: A slow leak might be present, possibly due to a compromised flapper valve or a minor crack in the bowl.
  • Severity: While not directly related to clogs, a slow leak can increase water bills and should be addressed.

How to Unclog a Toilet: DIY Remediation For Toilet Clogs

Before diving into the solutions, let’s categorize the problems based on their complexity:


  • Likely Resolvable at Home: Visible obstructions, minor blockages close to the bowl, weak flush due to tank component issues.
  • Challenging but Possible: Blockages deeper in the pipes, slow drainage in multiple fixtures, gurgling sounds indicating trapped air or venting issues.
  • Call a Plumber: Persistent blockages despite DIY efforts, suspected main sewer line issues, consistent water level drops indicating potential leaks or cracks.


Regardless of where your issue sits on this scale, never hesitate to call your local plumber. Plumbers are here to help!

How to Use a Plunger to Unclog a Toilet

Tools Required:

  • Flange Plunger: This is a specific type of plunger with an extended flange or lip at the bottom, designed to fit toilets better than the traditional cup-style plungers. It creates a better seal for effective plunging.


Plunging a Toilet:

  • First, ensure the water level covers the plunger’s rubber section. If not, add water.
  • Insert the plunger into the bowl, ensuring the flange is inside the drain opening.
  • Push down gently to expel air and create a seal.
  • Use a vigorous up-and-down motion for about 20 seconds.
  • Pull the plunger up sharply to break the seal. Check if the water drains.


What Not to Do:

  • Don’t be too aggressive, as this can splash dirty water around.
  • Avoid using a sink plunger, as it won’t create an effective seal.


Types of Issues This Can Help With:

  • Visible obstructions, minor blockages close to the bowl.


Why Won’t My Toilet Unclog With a Plunger:


  • Wrong Plunger Type: Not all plungers are created equal. The standard sink plunger, with its simple rubber cup, might not provide the necessary suction for a toilet. Instead, a flange or accordion plunger, designed specifically for toilets, is more effective.
  • Improper Technique: Effective plunging requires a good seal and a combination of both pushing and pulling actions. If the seal isn’t tight or if you’re only pushing down, you might not generate enough force to dislodge the blockage.
  • Stubborn Obstruction: Sometimes, the cause of the clog is something that a plunger can’t handle, like a child’s toy, a clump of sanitary products, or even a buildup of hard water minerals.
  • Deeper Issues: If the blockage isn’t in the toilet but further down in the drain system, a plunger might not be sufficient. Tree root intrusions or significant sediment buildups might be the culprits.


In such cases, while it’s tempting to resort to chemical drain cleaners, they can be harmful to your pipes and the environment. It’s often best to call in a professional plumber to assess and address the issue effectively.


How Long Does it Take to Unclog a Toilet With a Plunger:


If you are wondering how to unclog a toilet fast, the fastest results typically come from using a plunger. When using a plunger to unclog a toilet, its effectiveness is typically evident within a few minutes of consistent plunging. If you’ve established a good seal and are using the correct plunging technique, you should notice water drainage or a change in the water level after about 15-20 forceful plunges. If there’s no improvement after several minutes of effort, the blockage might be too stubborn for a plunger, and it could be time to consider alternative methods or seek professional assistance.

How to Unclog a Toilet Without a Plunger: Using Baking Soda and Vinegar to Unclog Your Toilet

Tools Required:

  • Baking Soda & Vinegar: Common household items that, when combined, create a fizzing action to break down organic blockages.


Description of Action:

  • Pour one cup of baking soda into the toilet bowl.
  • Follow with two cups of vinegar.
  • Allow the mixture to fizz and work for a 30 minutes to an hour.
  • Flush the toilet to see if the blockage clears.


What Not to Do:

  • Don’t mix with chemical drain cleaners, as this can produce harmful fumes.
  • Avoid flushing immediately after pouring; let the solution work.


Types of Issues This Can Help With:

  • Minor blockages, organic obstructions.


Does Baking Soda and Vinegar Really Unclog a Toilet:


Baking soda and vinegar, when combined, produce a bubbly chemical reaction that can help dislodge minor blockages in a toilet. This natural solution is especially effective for organic clogs, like hair or soap scum, as the effervescence can break down and move the obstruction. However, for more stubborn blockages, such as foreign objects, significant mineral buildup, or extensive toilet paper clumps, this mixture might not be potent enough. While baking soda and vinegar are eco-friendly and safe for pipes, they’re not a guaranteed solution for all clogs. If the blockage persists after trying this method, it might be time to explore other options or consult a professional plumber.


How Long Does It Take Baking Soda and Vinegar to Unclog a Toilet:


When using a baking soda and vinegar mixture to unclog a toilet, the effervescent reaction begins almost immediately upon combining the two. Typically, it’s recommended to let the solution sit in the toilet for at least 30 minutes to an hour to maximize its effectiveness. This allows the bubbling action to work its way through the clog. However, the exact time can vary based on the severity and nature of the blockage. If there’s no improvement after the waiting period, the clog might be too stubborn for this natural remedy, and alternative methods or professional assistance may be needed.

How to Snake a Toilet (Toilet Auger, Toilet Snake, Plumber’s Snake)

Tools Required:

  • Toilet Auger (or Plumber’s Snake / Toilet Snake): A long, coiled tool with a crank handle. It’s designed to reach deeper into the toilet and dislodge obstructions.


Description of Action:

  • Insert the auger’s end into the toilet, aiming for the drain.
  • Turn the handle clockwise while pushing the auger further into the drain.
  • Once you feel resistance or reach the obstruction, crank the handle to break or retrieve the blockage.
  • Slowly pull the auger out, turning the handle counter-clockwise.


What Not to Do:

  • Don’t force the auger if you feel significant resistance, as this can damage the toilet or pipes.
  • Avoid using excessive pressure.


Types of Issues This Can Help With:

  • Blockages deeper in the pipes, obstructions beyond the bowl’s trap.


What are the Risks of Snaking My Toilet:
Using a snake, or auger, on your toilet comes with a few risks. If not used correctly, the metal coil can scratch the porcelain of the toilet bowl. Additionally, there’s a chance of pushing the blockage further down the drain instead of breaking it up, potentially exacerbating the clog. Improper use can also lead to damage within the pipes, especially if excessive force is applied.


Will Snaking a Toilet Unclog It:

Snaking a toilet can be an effective method to dislodge blockages, especially those located deeper in the drain or too stubborn for a plunger. The auger’s coiled design allows it to navigate the bends of the toilet drain, reaching obstructions and either breaking them up or retrieving them.


Do Toilet Snakes Work Better Than Plungers:

Toilet snakes and plungers serve different purposes. While plungers are great for creating suction that can dislodge many common clogs, toilet snakes are designed to reach deeper blockages or those that a plunger can’t address. In some cases, a snake might be more effective, especially for obstructions caused by foreign objects or those beyond the immediate reach of a plunger.


Do You Have to Turn Off the Water to Snake a Toilet:

While it’s not strictly necessary to turn off the water when snaking a toilet, it can be a good precautionary step. Shutting off the water prevents accidental flushes, which could lead to overflow if the clog hasn’t been cleared. It also gives you better visibility and control while working on the blockage.

How to Check and Clear Your External Vents

Tools Required:

  • Ladder: To safely reach and inspect the roof vent.
  • Flashlight: For better visibility.


Description of Action:

  • Safely position the ladder to access the roof.
  • Locate the vent pipe (typically above the bathroom).
  • Shine the flashlight down the vent to check for obstructions like bird nests or debris.
  • If safe to do so, clear any obstructions.


What Not to Do:

  • Don’t attempt this in adverse weather conditions or if you’re uncomfortable with heights.
  • Avoid using tools that could damage the vent or push obstructions further down.


Types of Issues This Can Help With:

  • Gurgling sounds, slow drainage due to venting issues.


How Can I Tell If My Toilet Vent Is Clogged:

A clogged toilet vent often manifests in slow drainage, gurgling sounds when you flush, or a noticeable sewer odor emanating from the bathroom. Additionally, if you experience frequent clogs or notice that using one fixture, like a sink, affects another, like a toilet, it might indicate a venting issue.


How Do You Unblock a Toilet Air Vent:

To unblock a toilet air vent, start by inspecting the roof vent for obvious obstructions like leaves, nests, or debris. Using a flashlight can help you see any blockages. If the blockage is within reach, you can use a long tool or a specialized vent brush to clear it. For deeper blockages, running a plumber’s snake or auger through the vent pipe from the roof can be effective.


Will a Toilet Flush If the Vent Is Clogged:

While a toilet can still flush if the vent is clogged, the flushing might be less effective, leading to incomplete waste removal. The lack of proper venting can also cause the toilet to flush with less force and can result in a gurgling sound or slow drainage.


Can You Unclog a Drain Through the Vent Pipe:

Yes, you can unclog a drain through the vent pipe. By accessing the vent pipe from the roof and using a plumber’s snake or auger, you can reach blockages that might be difficult to address from the drain itself. This method can be especially effective for blockages located further down the plumbing system. However, care should be taken to avoid pushing the obstruction further into the system.


Remember, while DIY solutions can be effective for many common toilet issues, there’s no substitute for professional expertise when faced with persistent or severe problems. Plumbers have specialized tools and knowledge to address a wide range of plumbing challenges efficiently and safely.

How to Unclog a Toilet: Plumber Remediation For Toilet Clog

When faced with plumbing issues, especially something as disruptive as a clog, it’s essential to understand the range of solutions available. Professional plumbers come equipped with specialized tools and a wealth of experience, allowing them to diagnose and address a wide variety of problems. Below are some of the actions a plumber may take to resolve your clog depending on the severity of the underlying issue.

  1. Toilet Repair: Minor malfunctions in the toilet components, like the flapper, fill valve, or handle mechanism, can sometimes be the root cause of issues. A plumber can quickly assess, repair, or replace these parts, restoring the toilet’s functionality and efficiency.
  1. Using a Plunger: Before delving into more invasive methods, a good old-fashioned plunge can often dislodge minor blockages. With the right technique and a bit of elbow grease, this can be a quick fix for many common clogs.
  1. Natural Drain Cleaning Solutions: For organic blockages or minor sediment buildup, a combination of household items like baking soda and vinegar can be effective. These natural solutions can break down obstructions without the use of harsh chemicals.
  1. Using a SnakeFor blockages deeper within the pipes, a plumbing snake or drain auger can be employed. This flexible tool can navigate the bends and curves of plumbing to dislodge obstructions, whether they’re clumps of hair or tangled tree roots.
  1. Running a Camera: To get a clear picture (literally) of what’s going on inside the pipes, a plumbing camera can be invaluable. This real-time visual inspection helps pinpoint the exact location and nature of the problem, guiding subsequent actions.
  1. Deploying a JetHigh-pressure water jetting can tackle more stubborn blockages. By propelling water with significant force, it can clear extensive blockages, wash away debris, and even clean the pipe walls to improve overall flow.
  1. Regular Maintenance and InspectionPrevention is often better than cure. Regular check-ups, using diagnostic tools like cameras, can identify potential problems before they escalate. This proactive approach can prevent major disruptions and save on future repair costs.
  1. Pipe Relining: For pipes that are showing signs of wear or minor damage, relining offers a less invasive solution than replacement. By introducing a new lining inside the existing pipe, it can seal off cracks, prevent leaks, and extend the pipe’s lifespan.
  1. Root Barrier Installation: If tree roots are a consistent nuisance, installing a root barrier can be a proactive solution. This barrier, placed between the pipes and the tree, redirects roots away, preventing future intrusions.
  1. Toilet Replacement: In situations where the toilet is consistently problematic or outdated, replacing it with a modern, efficient model might be the best course of action. Newer designs often come with features that reduce the likelihood of clogs and improve water usage.
  1. Sewer Line Replacement or Repair: In the most extreme cases, when the main sewer line is compromised, a repair or even a full replacement might be the only solution. Modern techniques, like trenchless repairs, can minimize disruption and restore the plumbing system’s integrity.

Each of these steps, from the simplest to the most involved, showcases the breadth of solutions a professional plumber can offer. Their expertise ensures that homeowners receive the most appropriate and effective remedy for their specific plumbing challenge.

Tips and Tricks to Avoid Future Issues

Father Teaching Daughter What Can and Cannot Be Flushed Down Toilet to Avoid Clogs

Ensuring that your plumbing remains clog-free isn’t just about addressing current issues; it’s about adopting practices that prevent future problems. Here are some detailed tips and tricks to help maintain smooth-flowing pipes:

  1. Educate the Household: One of the primary reasons toilets get clogged is because of what gets flushed down them. A simple reminder can go a long way in preventing blockages. Consider printing out the following list and placing it in a visible spot in the bathroom:

Toilet Do’s and Don’ts:


  • Only flush human waste and toilet paper.
  • Use a bin for all non-flushable items.
  • Check labels: even some “flushable” products might be better off in the trash.



  • Flush baby wipes, even if labeled as flushable.
  • Dispose of cotton balls, Q-tips, or dental floss in the toilet.
  • Flush down feminine hygiene products.
  • Use the toilet as a general waste bin.


  1. Regular Maintenance: Just like any other system in your home, your plumbing benefits from regular check-ups.
    • Natural Cleaners: Every couple of months, pour a mixture of baking soda and vinegar into the toilet, let it sit for an hour, and then flush. This can help break down minor obstructions and keep pipes clear.
    • Professional Inspection: Consider having a plumber do an annual inspection. They can spot potential issues before they become major problems.
  1. Invest in Quality Toilet Paper: Not all toilet papers are created equal. Some dissolve faster than others, reducing the risk of clogs.
    • Opt for septic-safe or rapid-dissolving toilet paper.
    • Avoid very thick or quilted varieties that might not break down as easily.
  1. Be Mindful of Water Flow: A strong water flow can help ensure waste and toilet paper are flushed away effectively.
    • Check the toilet tank’s water level. It should be about an inch below the tank’s overflow tube.
    • Consider upgrading to a toilet with a higher flush power if you face frequent clogs.
  1. Protect Your External Vents: Blocked vents can affect your toilet’s flushing capability.
    • Regularly check roof vents for obstructions like leaves or bird nests.
    • Consider adding a protective screen to prevent debris from entering.
  1. Soften Your Water: Hard water can lead to mineral buildup in pipes, which can contribute to blockages.
    • If you live in an area with hard water, consider installing a water softener.
    • Regularly clean faucets and showerheads to remove mineral deposits.
  1. Plant Wisely: If tree root intrusion is a concern:
    • Be mindful of where you plant trees in relation to sewer lines.
    • Opt for slow-growing trees or those with less invasive root systems.

By adopting these practices and being proactive, you can significantly reduce the risk of future plumbing issues. Remember, a little effort now can save a lot of hassle (and expense) down the road.

Identifying an Emergency: What Constitutes a Plumbing Emergency?

Plumbing issues can range from a minor annoyance to a full-blown crisis. But how do you differentiate between a problem that can wait and one that demands immediate attention? Here’s a guide:


  • Rapid Water Accumulation: If there’s water gushing out from a broken pipe, overflowing toilet, or any other source, and it’s accumulating quickly, it’s an emergency. The risk of water damage to your property and belongings, not to mention potential electrical hazards, makes this a top-priority issue.
  • Sewage Backup: The moment you notice sewage coming up from your drains or toilet, it’s time to sound the alarm. Not only is this a messy problem, but it’s also a health hazard. Sewage contains harmful bacteria that can pose serious health risks.
  • No Access to Water: If you suddenly find yourself without any running water, it’s a significant concern. This could indicate a major issue with your plumbing system or a problem with the main supply.
  • Gas Leaks: While not a water-related issue, the smell of gas in your home is a severe emergency. Gas leaks can lead to explosions if not addressed immediately.
First Response Actions: Immediate Steps to Minimize Damage and Mess

When faced with a plumbing emergency, the initial moments are crucial. Here’s what you should do:


  • Shut Off the Water: Familiarize yourself with the main water valve’s location in your home. In case of a major leak or overflow, turn it off immediately to stop the flow of water.
  • Turn Off Electricity: If water is accumulating near electrical outlets or appliances, shut off the electricity to prevent potential electrocution or fires.
  • Avoid Using Electrical Appliances: Do not use any electrical appliances or fixtures in the affected area until it’s safe.
  • Call a Professional: Once you’ve taken immediate preventive measures, call a professional plumber to address the issue.
  • Document the Damage: For insurance purposes, take photos of the damage caused by the plumbing issue. This can be helpful when filing claims.
  • The Cost of Waiting: The Potential Consequences of Delaying a Call to a Professional


Procrastination can be costly, especially when it comes to plumbing emergencies. Here’s what might happen if you delay:


  • Structural Damage: Water can weaken the structural integrity of your home. Prolonged exposure to moisture can damage wooden beams, flooring, and walls.
  • Mold Growth: Damp environments are breeding grounds for mold. Not only can mold damage your property, but it can also pose health risks, especially for those with respiratory issues.
  • Higher Repair Costs: What might have been a simple fix can escalate into a major repair job if not addressed promptly.
  • Health Hazards: As mentioned, sewage backups can expose your household to harmful bacteria. Similarly, gas leaks, if not addressed, can lead to catastrophic consequences.

Real-life Anecdote: A Brooklyn Resident's Harrowing Experience with a Major Toilet Overflow and the Aftermath

Jane, a Brooklyn resident, woke up one morning to the sound of running water. Rushing to her bathroom, she was met with a sight no homeowner wants to see: her toilet was overflowing, and water was rapidly spreading across the floor. In her panic, she tried using towels to stem the flow, but it was too much and too fast.


By the time she managed to shut off the water valve, her bathroom was flooded, and water was seeping into the hallway. The carpet was soaked, and some of her cherished family photos, which were stored in a low cabinet, were ruined.


Jane initially thought she could handle the cleanup herself. She spent hours trying to mop up the water and dry out her belongings. However, over the next few days, she noticed a musty smell. Mold had started to grow on the walls and under the carpet.


Realizing the gravity of the situation, she finally called in a professional plumber. The culprit? A simple blockage in the toilet’s trap, something that could have been easily fixed had she called sooner. But now, she was faced with mold remediation costs, replacing parts of her damaged walls, and buying a new carpet.


Jane’s story serves as a cautionary tale about the importance of acting swiftly in the face of plumbing emergencies. The cost, both emotional and financial, of waiting can be far greater than the expense of an immediate professional intervention.

Closing Thoughts: Navigating the Waters of Plumbing Issues

Plumbing, while often taken for granted, plays a pivotal role in our daily lives. From the moment we wake up to brush our teeth, to the evening dishes, and the last flush of the day, it’s a system we rely on heavily. Yet, as with any system, issues can arise, and when they do, they often bring a tide of questions and concerns. Through our comprehensive exploration, we’ve aimed to shed light on these murky waters, providing clarity and guidance for homeowners and residents alike.


We began by diving deep into the common causes of toilet clogs, emphasizing the importance of understanding the underlying issues. From the seemingly harmless act of flushing inappropriate items to the silent encroachment of tree roots, we’ve seen that the reasons for blockages are as varied as they are prevalent. By recognizing these causes, we empower ourselves to take proactive measures, ensuring smoother operations and fewer disruptions.


But what happens when prevention falls short, and we’re faced with an imminent plumbing crisis? Our detailed guide on immediate responses and the potential consequences of inaction underscores the importance of timely intervention. Whether it’s a DIY fix or the expertise of a seasoned plumber, acting swiftly can mean the difference between a minor hiccup and a full-blown catastrophe.


Our real-life anecdotes served as poignant reminders of the tangible impacts of plumbing issues. They’re not just about the inconvenience of a non-functioning toilet or a flooded bathroom. They touch on the emotional distress of seeing one’s home damaged, the financial strain of extensive repairs, and the health risks posed by unchecked problems.


Yet, amidst the challenges, there’s a silver lining. Armed with knowledge, equipped with tips and tricks, and supported by professionals like CID Plumbing, homeowners can navigate plumbing issues with confidence. It’s not just about fixing a problem; it’s about understanding it, addressing it effectively, and ensuring a more seamless future.


In closing, while plumbing might seem like a complex maze of pipes and problems, with the right information and resources, it becomes a manageable aspect of home maintenance. Remember, whether you’re in Brooklyn or beyond, when in doubt, seeking expert advice is always a step in the right direction. Here’s to clear pipes, smooth flows, and a clog-free future!

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